Welding Safety in Education and Schools

New students and experienced welding educators will both encounter hazards at some point while involved in welding education. Welding educators and students should be proactive in following proper safety procedures to ensure the highest standard of safety in the welding area.

Where to Find Welding Safety Info

There are four main resources available to provide detailed welding safety information.
1. Regulations, Laws, and Standards
2. Manufacturer’s Instructions
3. Safety Labels On Equipment and
Materials
4. Safety Data Sheets (SDSs)

In the U.S., the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) are the law. It makes many voluntary consensus standards enforceable. One of the most important welding standards is ANSI Z49.1, Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes.
All tested and certified welding equipment is provided with safety labels and an owner’s manual with safety information.
SDSs must be provided by the suppliers of welding consumables such as electrodes, fluxes, and gases and kept on file. They must be readily available in the work area. A safety training program must be in place for educators, students, and anyone who regularly visits the weld training area.

Potential Welding School Hazards

The safety resources listed describe the potential hazards related to welding, such as:

  • Electric Shock
  • Fumes and Gases
  • Arc Radiation
  • Fire or Explosion
  • Hot Parts
  • Flying Sparks, Spatter, Metal or Dirt
  • Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF)
  • Noise
  • Gas Cylinders
  • Moving Parts
  • Falling Equipment
  • Surface Coatings and Contaminants
  • Who is Responsible for Welding School Injuries?

    The school administration and educators have the following responsibilities:

  • Ensure the students are trained on the welding hazards, safety rules, regulations, and laws.
  • Ensure the students follow the safety rules, safe practices, regulations, and laws.
  • The students have the following responsibilities:
  • Be informed and trained to detect when hazards are present and how to protect themselves.
  • Learn and use safe practices.
  • Obey safety rules and regulations.
  • Properly use the equipment.

  • Resource: AWS Health and Fact Sheet No. 35 - Welding Safety in Education and Schools